Extraordinary Dreams Blagrove, Kulken, Horton, Pagel

Dream Intensity after Ecstasy/MDMA Use: Implications for the Activation Input Modulation Model of Dream Formation Mark Blagrove, Chair Use of the illegal drug ecstasy/MDMA causes a decrease in dream recall on the following sleep period but no change in dream emotional intensity. This is supportive of the Activation-Synthesis and AIM model of dream formation. Classifying Impactful Dreams: Nightmares, Existential Dreams, and Transcendent Dreams Don Kuiken I describe procedures by which samples of dreams can be systematically sorted into different classes, in particular, the three classes of impactful dreams: nightmares, existential dreams, and transcendent dreams. Using a 28-item questionnaire, the attribute profile of a new dream can be compared with the attribute profiles established for each original dream type. The established profile that the new dream most nearly resembles determines the class to which it belongs. Continuity of Inhibition in Lucid Dreamers: Evidence from the Go/Nogo Paradigm Caroline L. Horton Research investigations have tried to ascertain whether cognitive, personality and physiological behaviours remain constant over the sleep-wake cycle. The present investigation predicted that lucid dreamers, who demonstrate cognitive control and metacognitive awareness whilst asleep, might perform well on tests of inhibition whilst awake. 180 students participated, completing a questionnaire to determine lucid dreaming behaviours and a computerised go/nogo task. Predictions were upheld. Results are discussed in relation to the cognitive profile of dreaming generally. The Bizarre and Hallucinatory REMS Dreams of Narcolepsy J.F. Pagel Narcolepsy occurs in association with dream-like epiphenomena like bizarre hallucinations, sleep paralysis, and cataplexy. Dreams reported from narcoleptics during sleep onset REMS periods are utilized as a model for psychological and physiological characteristics of the dream state. This association of narcolepsy with REM sleep epiphenomena has been integrated and applied in forming the conceptual framework for some of the most widely accepted neuro-scientific theories of consciousness.