|BESSEL A. VAN DER KOLK
RICHARD KRADIN, RESPONDENT
In the wake of the new insights into trauma’s impact on the body, memory, and relationship to self and others, a range of radical new approaches to treatment have been developed. Many of these can be considered as fundamental shifts from earlier therapeutic paradigms. Given the fragility of the interpersonal bonds following disruptions of trust, issues of empathy, interpersonal repetition and boundaries within the therapeutic relationship require scrupulous attention. Preoccupation with the trauma and learned helplessness require a variety of interventions aimed at restoring active mastery and the capacity to attend to the here-and-now. In this context we will examine the role of Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Model Mugging and therapeutic work programs. Since traumatic memories often are dissociated and may be inaccessible to verbal recall or processing, attention needs to be paid to the somatic re-experiencing of trauma-related sensations and affects which may serve as engines for continuing maladaptive behaviors. With the aid of videotaped demonstrations and experiential techniques we will present approaches from the fields of hypnosis, body oriented therapies and EMDR to introduce these new treatment options and discuss the integration of these approaches during different stages of treatment.
BESSEL A. VAN DER KOLK, M.D. has been active as a clinician, researcher and teacher in the area of posttraumatic stress and related phenomena since the 1970s. He founded the first clinic in Boston, the Trauma Center, which specializes in the treatment of traumatized children and adults, in 1982. Dr. van der Kolk is past President of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. He is Professor of Psychiatry at Boston University Medical School, and Clinical Director of the Trauma Center in Boston, Massachusetts. He is co-director of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network Community Program in Boston and originator of, and currently on the steering committee of, the National Child Traumatic Stress Network.
RICHARD KRADIN, M.D. is Associate Professor at Harvard Medical School and member of the Departments of Medicine and the Center for Psychoanalytic Studies at the Massachusetts General Hospital. A Jungian analyst, he is also trained in neo- Freudian psychoanalytic psychotherapy. He is a supervising analyst and teaches courses on dream interpretation to psychotherapists and candidates in psychoanalysis. He is the author of The Herald Dream: An Approach to the Initial Dream in Psychotherapy and has recently authored a text on the Placebo Response scheduled for publication by Harvard University Press.
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